Practitioners undergo a thorough education of 5-6 years duration in order to be able to diagnose, treat and manage conditions of the spine and peripheral joints. Practitioners employ manual techniques such as manipulative therapy, joint and muscle mobilisation soft tissue techniques, and exercises. Advice regarding what patients should do and not do, treatment expectations, and referral to other health care professionals when required is part of proper management. It is common for practitioners to co-manage patients with other professionals such as physiotherapists, physicians and surgeons.
Attained through manipulations, advice and medication as needed.
Normal movement and the restoration of strength and endurance from initial therapies applied.
Primarily exercise, manipulations as required, adjustments carried out at the workplace and alterations to leisure time activities.